Fun Facts about the Umbilical Cord
The umbilical cord develops from the yolk sac with the membranes.
It is made up of tissue, Whartons jelly, 2 arteries and 1 vein.
The Whartons jelly protects the vessels from compression.
The two arteries carry blood containing waste from the baby to the mothers system for removal.
The one vein carries blood with oxygen and nutrients to the baby from the mother.
Rarely the cord develops with only one artery.
The umbilical cord contains stem cells in the blood and tissue.
Cords are all unique, no two are the same.
Some variants are: true knots, false knots, coiling variations and whartons jelly variations.
1% of cords have true knots, where the baby's actions inside the womb have looped the cord and knotted it, leaving an actual knot.
35% of baby's are birthed with the cord around their necks.
Delaying the artificial clamping of the cord gives baby the rich stem cell filled blood from the placenta.
The cord has its own natural action to clamp the cord. Once the cord makes contact with our air the Whartons jelly begins to harden and shrink tightening the vessels and slowing their flow until the pulsating ceases. This can take from 3-30 minutes.
The longest cord I have recorded over the last 7 years was 85cms long and the shortest was just 15cms long.
The full length of the cord is reached at around 28 weeks gestation.
Preserving the cord is not new, it has been a tradition in many cultures throughout history.
Now isn't that incredible!
Written by Samantha Birch
Under the Birch Tree
The Umbilical Cord usually has three vessels, two arteries that carry waste from the baby back through the placenta to the mother and one vein that carries nutrients and oxygen to the baby from the mother via the placenta.
I teach my students to remember it with the smilie face, Two a's and a V. a a
About 1.5% of pregnancies result in a single artery cord. This is a cord with one artery and one vein. In most cases it won't affect the baby, though in a few there is a chance of some complications.
Hi, I'm Samantha Birch...Sam, from Under the Birch Tree.
I started Under the Birch Tree for my Doula business and for my passion in design.
I decided to stop doing Doula work for a while after my placenta business grew the most glorious wings and set off on a journey I never dreamt of..........or anyone else for that matter. Some were non-believers but those that really know me, knew this was finally the right fit for me.
Today I get to meet amazing families from all walks of life from one end of the Gold Coast to the other with the occasional journey out yonder. I get to be a tiny part of the most incredible time in my families lives. I get to see them raw and in the moment, to feel that happiness radiate all the way out to my car and through my phone with excitement and awe that they have made it to parenthood! I have also seen heartbreak and that too is raw, I feel it to my core right alongside of happiness where I want to wrap them up and care for them with all of my being. I put a lot of my heart into each and every client and I hope that in some tiny way I was a positive light for them.
I am very lucky to have the support of all of the Gold Coast Hospitals and many other Gold Coast birth professionals. I'll be adding some of them to my 'Useful Links' page soon offering Gold Coast families more options with many new places to consider while pregnant or raising a family.
It is a real hoot to hear of raving reviews and referrals from colleagues and past clients....even Grandfathers!!
I have so much thanks for all those that helped me get here from my family to my Migraine guy to all the past clients and colleagues of Under the Birch Tree. Bless you all x
I look forward to sharing this and that with you here, Im also happy to hit any subjects you would like my take on, so feel free to ask and I'll do my best.